The northern copperhead usually has a darker and more reddish brown body color. Gray rat snake is a species of non-venomous snake that belongs to the colubrid family. These snakes are non-venomous, however, so their bite is relatively harmless. The belly is plain white or cream-colored. A short, stout bodied, nonpoisonous snake. These snakes often are confused with the venomous cottonmouth/water moccasin. (Photo/Scott Thompson). They prefer their habitats to be relatively moist and well shaded. The dorsal (top) surface of these snakes typically is gray to tan in color with black bordered dark gray or brownish blotches (red in juveniles) down the back with similar smaller blotches on sides of the body. Listed below is a guide to help you identify snakes by predominant color. Pit vipers have a set of well developed fangs capable of injecting venom. Red milk snakes are usually associated with dry, open woodlands and woodland edges. (Wikimedia). (Photo/Scott Gravette). Body moderately stout, but head only slightly wider than neck. (Photo/Richard Dowling). Eastern garter snakes are small to medium sized. (Wikimedia). Highly aquatic, glossy crayfish snakes can be observed in many different wetland types but may be most often encountered in areas with a high density of aquatic vegetation and mucky substrates. Its base color is typically light brown, though pink or yellowish hues may be present. Timber rattlesnakes are heavy-bodied snakes with a broad head that is distinct from its narrow neck. Coachwhips are one of the largest snakes in North America. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Advance Local. Its head is small, somewhat flattened with a rounded snout and is darker in color than the rest of the body. They are called "hognose" because of their upturned snout and broad head. Southern water snakes feed on a variety of aquatic prey to include frogs, small fish, crayfish; tadpoles, and salamanders. Snake Control Experts are trained to catch both venomous and nonvenomous snakes. Mississippi green water snakes prefer calm waters such as lakes, ponds, swamps, marshes, or bayous. Dorsal ground color white, cream, yellowish, or gray, with 25-31 dark blotches. There are two subspecies of Pantherophis guttatus: 1. Diamondback water snakes are relatively large, thick bodied snakes. Plain-bellied water snakes can be found in a variety of aquatic habitats, but are most common in larger, more permanent bodies of water such as rivers, swamps, marshes, and ponds. The eastern diamondback rattlesnake is the largest species of rattlesnake in the world. Rough green snakes are particularly abundant along the edges of ponds or streams where they can be found in the overhanging branches of trees and shrubs. The North Florida Swampsnake is a small aquatic snake with a shiny, black back and red belly. Photo about A Gray Rat Snake (Elaphe obsoleta) at Monte Sano State Park in northern Alabama. Often makes a startlingly loud hissing sound when cornered and frightened. The color is gray to light brown or reddish brown. Their bellies vary from dark gray to black, and some white frequently occurs on the chin and throat. Their belly has light spots resembling half-moons against a uniform gray or brown background. Found in dry, upland habitats. Snakes are found in all regions in Alabama, from the northern mountains … Most snakes encountered here are rat snakes, which are very common and aren’t venomous, but the state’s six venomous snakes may also be encountered.” Secor said the state’s six venomous snakes are copperheads, coral snakes, water moccasins/cottonmouths, pigmy rattlesnakes, timber rattlesnakes and eastern diamondback rattlesnakes. The belly is white with large rectangular markings arranged irregularly or in a checkerboard fashion. You can watch Ben’s most recent documentary, The Underwater Forest, here on Youtube. Adults are light tan with darker squarish brown blotches down their back. (Photo/Dagmar Thurmond). A relatively small aquatic snake with a slender body measuring 15-24 inches long. It has a slate blue to gray-black body. (Wikimedia). Mole kingsnakes likely feed on a wide variety of small mammals, lizards, and other similar-sized prey. It has a narrow yellow or cream-colored ring around the neck from whence it gets its name. They will also feed on small salamanders, slugs, snails and insect larvae. The belly is a yellow to orange with a single row of black half-moons down its midline. They typically tame quick and are often kept as pets. The mud snake is very docile and refuses to bite, but its habit of pressing the spine-like tip of the tail against the captor's skin gives rise to the misconception that the mud snake can sting. Their eyes are brown, and their scales are smooth. This species is often mistaken for the cottonmouth, but the venomous pit viper has boxy and triangular shaped head. Copperheads have elliptical pupils. Adult body lengths usually range from 3 to 5 feet. Rough earth snakes are found in a variety of forested habitats having abundant ground cover. Many of these snakes live in urban or neighborhood settings in the city of Huntsville. Montgomery Rat Removal is a very common pest problem and a common complaint received in the areas of Montgomery Alabama. The longest one on record was almost 70 inches long. Timber rattlesnakes inhabit hardwood forest with rocky outcrops, pine flatwoods, bottomland hardwood forests, and cane thickets. The eastern ribbon snake is a small nonvenomous snake that gets its name from its very thin body. The belly is light colored with two rows of dark spots that unite to become one as they approach the animal's throat. All of the members of the ratsnake family are non-venomous. A small secretive snake of damp pine flatwoods; occasionally appears in residential areas. You’ll see as he manages to hold on to the limb with just his tail. Adults average 50-72 inches long, but have been recorded up to 102 inches in length. Adults are yellowish gray or light brown in color, often with orange-red tinges on the back. In fact eleven different subspecies inhabit almost every state in the lower 48 states. Adult lengths are typically 14 to 21 inches. (Photo/Richard Dowling). The belly is yellowish and marked with four brown stripes. But rat snake coils are sloppier, looking a little more like scaly pretzels knotted around their prey. They are usually between three and five feet long, but some individuals may reach lengths of more than six feet. Dorsal color pattern of alternating dark rusty brown and cream-colored blotches often indistinct anteriorly, becoming distinct posteriorly; each scale trimmed in dark brown pigment. Scales are smooth. The patterning is relatively non-descript and the snake generally appears to be a uniform dark or dull green with the color becoming lighter on the snake's sides. Roof Rat: Hundreds of years ago, the roof rat was introduced into the United States by hitchhiking on ships coming from other countries where they were common. General ground color varies from tan to brownish gray. The coloration of this species varies from blackish to yellowish to pinkish, or grayish with dark, bent crossbands aligned along the dorsal length of its body. (Wikimedia). Gray rat snake inhabits forests, marshes, scrublands and areas between the fields and forests. Two stripes typically are brown while two stripes are lighter tan or yellowish in color. They are also all constrictors, like boa constrictors, meaning they choke the life out of their victims, then eat them. The western rat snake has one of the largest distributions of all common rat snakes. Black Racer (Coluber constrictor) is the general name for one of the most widespread of all the racer snakes. Usually brown in color but can vary from gray to olive green, with three dark stripes which are faint running along the upper body and yellow or golden stripe along the lower sides of the body. It belongs to a group of snakes commonly called "pit vipers". In a successful hunting event, the venom is pumped through the fangs into the prey to kill and digest the animal. They often can be seen sunning on logs or overhanging branches from which they drop into the water when alarmed. It has no distinct markings. Midland Water Snakes are ommon statewide, except southernmost portions of Coastal Plain, where apparently confined to immediate vicinity of Conecuh, Yellow, and Choctawhatchee Rivers. They are thick bodied snakes that may reach 46 inches in length, but usually are 20-30 inches long. A couple narrow stripes may be seen running down the length of the body. While waiting for prey, they will remain in a coiled position, sometimes for up to three weeks. The Eastern Wood Snake is common statewide. Ben Raines specializes in investigations and natural wonders. This species is a small snake, typically less than 16 inches, with a blunt head. The Western Earth Snake is a small, slightly stout, plain-colored snake with a conical head. (Wikimedia). A large number of snakes, both venomous species, and non-venomous species call Alabama their home. When encountered, the diamondback will often remain motionless until a threat is perceived or the snake is actually touched. The Great Plains rat snake or Emory's rat snake (Pantherophis guttatus emoryi) is found in the United States from Nebraska to Colorado, and into north… Turns out experts with the Alabama Herpetological Society say it was a “harmless grey ratsnake." Rat snakes are found from Florida north to New England, and east through Texas and Nebraska. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/21). Range in Alabama: Common throughout the state. They are generally dark above - olive, brown, or black. The red milk snake is a medium sized snake that may reach a length close to 40 inches. Their background coloration is sometimes mottled with many colors including yellow, brown, gray, olive, orange, or red. Scarlet snakes, like scarlet king snakes have red bands that do not contact yellow bands. One note is that they are seldom found in extremely dry habitats. Black rat snake. They will, however, bite hard and repeatedly when cornered or captured. Pigmy rattlesnakes, as their name would imply, are miniature rattlesnakes. It has no distinct markings. Body pattern consists of alternating, complete, transverse rings of red, yellow, and black (with red and yellow rings touching) that continue completely around venter. Lengths up to 5 feet have been reported. Two bold, longitudinal rows of black spots separate a rose-colored band from two lateral lemon-colored bands on belly. The Copperhead has a head that is noticeably wider than the neck. Mud snakes are large aquatic snakes that attain lengths up to 80 inches, but generally are 40 to 65 inches in length. The black rat snake is more common in north Alabama, … Mud snakes inhabit swamps, marshes, ponds, and slow moving mud-bottom streams. The gray ratsnake, gray rat snake or chicken snake (Pantherophis spiloides, formerly Elaphis spiloides) is a common large snake native to the Eastern United States and southeastern Canada.They are non-venomous and considered beneficial as they prey on rodent pests. Worm snakes greatly resemble earthworms which is how they got their name. It is black with traces of yellow or white spots, or bands above and has a white throat. Scales smooth, in 15 rows near mid-body, and anal plate divided. Sometimes referred to as "ground rattlers", they range in length from 15 to 24 inches at maturity, and when in a coiled position are roughly the size of a loblolly pine cone. The rattle is composed of hollow, interlocking segments that click against each other when the tail vibrates. Their belly is light-colored with darker blotches some of which are shaped like a half moon. The tail of the Ribbon snake accounts for about one third of total body length. Like most other North American water snakes, diamondback water snakes are extremely aggressive and will bite hard and repeatedly if cornered. Also known as: Water moccasin. Scales shiny and smooth; lower scale rows with a faint, longitudinal line, giving the appearance of keeled scales. I believe it was technically a western rat snake. Many species make attractive and docile pets and one, the corn snake, is one of the most popular reptile petsin the world. They have shiny black scales on their back and a light colored belly, and their throat and chin are white. The dorsal surface of the snake is characterized by black-bordered red saddles with alternating smaller blotches of the same color located laterally. Here’s another ratsnake video I made a couple of years ago, if you haven’t quite fulfilled your snake fix. © 2021 Advance Local Media LLC. The ringneck snake is a small, slender snake that can reach a length of about 18 inches, though some have been captured up to 24 inches (average 10 to 15 inches). (Photo/Tom VanderVelde). Beware snakes in trees! Scarlet snakes are found in forested habitats having dry sandy soils. This is a large and bulky animal, reaching lengths of over six feet. Rat snakes are members – along with kingsnakes, milk snakes, vine snakes and indigo snakes – of the subfamily Colubrinae of the family Colubridae. Usually inhabits more wooded areas than the rough earth snake to which it is similar in appearance. At maturity adults can range from 16-28 inches long. Many people mistake them for a venomous species because of their broad head. The color is gray to light brown or reddish brown. The gray rat subspecies is slightly smaller than the black rat, attaining a maximum length of only about 84 inches. The Southern water snake also has a dark stripe extending from the eye to the corner of its mouth. Summary 6 The gray ratsnake or gray rat snake (Pantherophis spiloides), also known as the central ratsnake, is a member of the genus Pantherophis in the subfamily Colubrinae. These include the eastern indigo snake, southern hognose snake and the mimic glass lizard. The black kingsnake, like all kingsnakes, will frequently rattle their tail, release musk, and bite upon capture. (Photo/Richard Dowling). Alabama has an abundance of snakes, from venomous pit vipers like copperheads or rattlers, to harmless snakes like rat snakes and garter snakes. Rough green snakes are found in a variety of habitats. In the video, you will see a branch break as he slithered onto it. (Wikimedia). The Southern water snake is a non-venomous snake normally less than 4 feet in length. A medium-sized, slender snake with a short, blunt head only slightly wider than neck. On the neck are typically three spots, though they may fuse and appear as a collar. I once eliminated a 6-foot-4-inch “black snake” at my back door. Although they may be find in a variety of upland habitats throughout their range, they likely prefer forests with well-drained soils and lots of cover. Because of its secretive nature and moving mainly at night, they are rarely encountered. The body is unpatterned and may be peach, tan, or light brown. They are medium to large constrictors and are found throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere. The color varies from a dark brown to a pinkish brown on the back and almost always with a pinkish belly. (Photo/Brad Moon). (Photo/ADCNR). One of Alabama's most common snakes north of Buhrstone/Lime Hills. Currently a candidate for federal listing. The gray ratsnake is one of about ten species within the American ratsnake genus Pantherophis They have a pointed head and very noted tiny black eyes. Adult timber rattlesnakes average 36 to 60 inches in total length and are venomous snakes. Their large eyes have round pupils and are shielded from above by projecting ridges of scale. Higher population densities exist in dry coastal plain woodlands, but rough earth snakes may be found on exposed, rocky, wooded hillsides as well as in heavily timbered uplands and valleys. Their heads are red and their snouts are pointed. Adult snakes usually vary in length from 30 to 48 inches up to a maximum of 74 inches. Two men at work Monday spotted two snakes that originally some thought was a python. Color is a common name applied to many of the species as well as the Black Racer. Their head and neck are typically black with the body gradually lightening to a tan colored tail. As their name implies, they mainly eat rats. Some bands may be broken and often terminate, or are linked together, on the lower sides. Three prominent, red, longitudinal stripes contrast against a black to bluish back. The mud snake has a sharp point on the end of its tail. Worm snakes are small secretive snakes only reaching 13 inches in length. A conspicuous inhabitant of ponds, lakes, and streams, and the most frequently encountered water snake in the northern two-thirds of Alabama. The topside of the snake contains the characteristic yellow diamond shapes surrounding black and brown centers. They seek shelter in rock outcrops and under logs. This is one of Alabama's most diminutive snakes; they may only reach about 12 inches but are often considerably smaller. the only exception is the ornate-cream color under the throat. They also have a prominent sharp tip on the tail which is probably used for digging. Most have a light brown to grey background color and have dark brown to black blotches/bands on their backs. (Wikimedia). The Rainbow Snake is one of the most beautiful snakes in Alabama. The intervals between the saddles are white, cream, yellowish, or gray in color. All rights reserved (About Us). Its color scheme consists of a brown back and white belly with two light yellow lateral stripes running down the side and one light yellow vertebral stripe down the center of the back. Their red bands are wider than are their black and yellow bands. (Wikimedia). The Ribbon Snake has a sequence of 19 keeled scales, which are rough to the touch with a ridge in the center of each scale. The wedge-shaped, black head barely wider than neck. They feed primarily on rodents. Namely, snakes dropping onto you as you walk beneath a tree. In the video above, you can watch such with your own eyes as a ratsnake I surprised in my field made his arboreal escape. (Wikimedia). Corn snakes have black-bordered red or dark orange blotches that run down the middle of the back, on a reddish orange or brownish orange background color. The tail is short and stout with a rattle or button at the end. Their color varies, sometimes reddish brown, brown, or gray, and may be any shade between. Plain-bellied water snakes are relatively large, thick bodied, harmless, semi-aquatic snakes. I followed this snake up into the trees via a couple of handy ladders until we were 20 feet off the ground. Scales are keeled. (Wikimedia). The scarlet kingsnake is a non venomous small snake rarely reaching lengths of more than two feet. These snakes have keeled scales. Image of biology, environmental, reptilian - 15542462 Head only slightly wider than neck, undivided anal scute, scales keeled except for some of lowermost rows, rostral scute (at tip of nose) enlarged, curving backward and ending in a point between and behind nostrils. Buy newspaper front pages, posters and more. The snake is smooth scaled with a uniform blue-black color. Occurs in greatest abundance around abandoned farms and other places where small rodents are likely to thrive. The Red Cornsnake is a medium-sized to rather large snake attaining a maximum length of about 72 inches. New-born garter snakes are typically between 5-9 inches long. They are excellent at climbing, and can even use mortar lines in between bricks to scale up the side of a home, often reaching sizes of 40″-70″ in … DESCRIPTION: A large, moderately stout snake attaining a maximum length of about 101 inches. A thoroughly aroused cottonmouth throws its head upward and backward and holds its mouth wide open, revealing a white interior - the origin of the name cottonmouth. They are very similar in appearance to the scarlet king snake. Easily distinguished by smooth, polished, black to dark brown scales on back and sides brightly overlaid with a series of 23 to 52 narrow, cream, or yellow transverse bands. The Prairie Kingsnake an attain a length more than 4.5 feet Head scarcely larger than neck and somewhat depressed. These pits are heat seeking sensors that help the snake locate warm-blooded prey. https://www.al.com/outdoors/2016/04/50_snakes_that_call_alabama_ho.html (Photo/John D. Wilson). 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